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The four bioethics principles are autonomy, beneficence, non-maleficence, and justice. Autonomy is the principle of self-determination, or the right of individuals to make decisions about their own lives. This includes the right to refuse medical treatment. Beneficence is the principle of doing good or acting in the best interests of others. This includes providing medical treatment even when it is not wanted. Non-maleficence is the principle of doing no harm or avoiding actions that could cause harm. This includes not providing medical treatment when it is not needed. Justice is the principle of fairness, or treating people equitably, considering all patients’ needs. This includes providing medical treatment to those who need it the most. I would rank the principles in the following order: beneficence, non-maleficence, justice, and autonomy.
In the context of the Christian biblical narrative, I believe that goodwill would be the most important principle, followed by non-maleficence, justice, and autonomy. I believe goodwill would be the most important principle because the Bible is full of stories of people helping others, even when it is not in their self-interest to do so. Non-maleficence is also an important principle in the Bible. Jesus tells his disciples not to harm others and to love their enemies. Justice is also an important principle in the Bible. The story of the Good Samaritan shows that everyone should be treated fairly, regardless of their social status. Autonomy is not as emphasized in the Bible as the other three principles, but it is still important. Jesus gives his disciples the freedom to choose whether or not to follow him, and he respects their decisions.