Categories
Sociology

WRITE A SOCIAL JUSTICE PAPER ON RACIAL INEQUALITY AMONG PEOPLE OF COLOR IN THE U

WRITE A SOCIAL JUSTICE PAPER ON RACIAL INEQUALITY AMONG PEOPLE OF COLOR IN THE UNITED STATES AND CONNECT IT WITH CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY AS WELL AS CHRISTIAN FOUNDATIONS AND GIVE REFERENCES TO THE BIBLE

Categories
Sociology

WRITE A SOCIAL JUSTICE PAPER ON RACIAL INEQUALITY AMONG PEOPLE OF COLOR IN THE U

WRITE A SOCIAL JUSTICE PAPER ON RACIAL INEQUALITY AMONG PEOPLE OF COLOR IN THE UNITED STATES AND CONNECT IT WITH CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY AS WELL AS CHRISTIAN FOUNDATIONS AND GIVE REFERENCES TO THE BIBLE
2250 words

Categories
Sociology

Policy Brief (6-8 pages) You are required to use at least 6 sources, with a mini

Policy Brief (6-8 pages)
You are required to use at least 6 sources, with a minimum 3 of those sources coming from peer-reviewed journals and published within the last 15 years. Citations should be in ASA format. Review these tips to help you with ASA formatting and citations. All papers should have 1” margins, 12pt Times New Roman font, double-spaced with page numbers.
1.Clarity of Argument (3 points)
Clearly and succinctly states argument in the first paragraph
2.Strength of Evidence (8 points)
Accurately and clearly analyzes the crime issue with sufficient depth; Claims are backed up with specific evidence from sources; Uses sociological language to explain phenomenon and convince reader of argument
3.Organization and Development (6 points)
Op-eds or policy briefs follow the structure provided in instructions; Uses topic and transition sentences to guide reader through logic of argument development. In-text citations and reference page correctly in ASA format; Minimum of 6 sources used with at least 3 peer-reviewed and published within the last 15 years; Polished writing, free of grammatical and spelling errors
Guidelines:
Policy Brief:

A policy brief is a short, neutral summary of what is known about a particular problem or issue that is designed to facilitate policy making by succinctly evaluating policy options (note – this is a more polished and succinct version of a literature review). Briefs are geared towards people who have a limited amount of time to make a practical decision. Your policy brief should adhere to the following structure:

Executive summary: The executive summary aims to convince the reader that the brief is worth in-depth investigation. It is especially important for an audience that is short of time to clearly see the relevance and importance of the brief in reading the summary. As such, a 1 to 2 paragraph executive summary commonly includes:
A desсrіption of the problem addressed.
A statement on why the current approach/policy option needs to be changed.
Your recommendations for action.

Context and importance of the problem: The purpose of this element of the brief is to convince the target audience that a current and urgent problem exists which requires them to take action. The context and importance of the problem is both the introductory and first building block of the brief. As such, it usually includes the following:
A clear statement of the problem or issue in focus
A short overview of the root causes of the problem
A clear statement of the policy implications of the problem that clearly establishes the current importance and policy relevance of the issue.

Critique of policy option(s): The aim of this element is to detail shortcomings of the current approach or options being implemented and therefore, illustrate both the need for change and a focus on where change needs to occur. In doing so, the critique of policy options usually includes the following:
A short overview of the policy option(s) in focus
An argument illustrating why and how the current or proposed approach is failing. It is important for the sake of credibility to recognize all opinions in the debate of the issue.

Policy recommendations: The aim of the policy recommendations element is to provide a detailed and convincing proposal including:
A breakdown of the specific practical steps or measures that need to be implemented
A closing paragraph re-emphasizing the importance of action.
The topic is attached along with five sources, only 1-3 more scholarly sources should be found and cited in the ASA format.

Categories
Sociology

Policy Brief (6-8 pages) You are required to use at least 6 sources, with a mini

Policy Brief (6-8 pages)
You are required to use at least 6 sources, with a minimum 3 of those sources coming from peer-reviewed journals and published within the last 15 years. Citations should be in ASA format. Review these tips to help you with ASA formatting and citations. All papers should have 1” margins, 12pt Times New Roman font, double-spaced with page numbers.
1.Clarity of Argument (3 points)
Clearly and succinctly states argument in the first paragraph
2.Strength of Evidence (8 points)
Accurately and clearly analyzes the crime issue with sufficient depth; Claims are backed up with specific evidence from sources; Uses sociological language to explain phenomenon and convince reader of argument
3.Organization and Development (6 points)
Op-eds or policy briefs follow the structure provided in instructions; Uses topic and transition sentences to guide reader through logic of argument development. In-text citations and reference page correctly in ASA format; Minimum of 6 sources used with at least 3 peer-reviewed and published within the last 15 years; Polished writing, free of grammatical and spelling errors
Guidelines:
Policy Brief:

A policy brief is a short, neutral summary of what is known about a particular problem or issue that is designed to facilitate policy making by succinctly evaluating policy options (note – this is a more polished and succinct version of a literature review). Briefs are geared towards people who have a limited amount of time to make a practical decision. Your policy brief should adhere to the following structure:

Executive summary: The executive summary aims to convince the reader that the brief is worth in-depth investigation. It is especially important for an audience that is short of time to clearly see the relevance and importance of the brief in reading the summary. As such, a 1 to 2 paragraph executive summary commonly includes:
A desсrіption of the problem addressed.
A statement on why the current approach/policy option needs to be changed.
Your recommendations for action.

Context and importance of the problem: The purpose of this element of the brief is to convince the target audience that a current and urgent problem exists which requires them to take action. The context and importance of the problem is both the introductory and first building block of the brief. As such, it usually includes the following:
A clear statement of the problem or issue in focus
A short overview of the root causes of the problem
A clear statement of the policy implications of the problem that clearly establishes the current importance and policy relevance of the issue.

Critique of policy option(s): The aim of this element is to detail shortcomings of the current approach or options being implemented and therefore, illustrate both the need for change and a focus on where change needs to occur. In doing so, the critique of policy options usually includes the following:
A short overview of the policy option(s) in focus
An argument illustrating why and how the current or proposed approach is failing. It is important for the sake of credibility to recognize all opinions in the debate of the issue.

Policy recommendations: The aim of the policy recommendations element is to provide a detailed and convincing proposal including:
A breakdown of the specific practical steps or measures that need to be implemented
A closing paragraph re-emphasizing the importance of action.
The topic is attached along with five sources, only 1-3 more scholarly sources should be found and cited in the ASA format.

Categories
Sociology

Applying the Scientific Method to a Social Problem. Please follow all the steps

Applying the Scientific Method to a Social Problem. Please follow all the steps for this assignment. You can choose what topic (social problems) you feel like you can do great in.
Important Info

The order was placed through a short procedure (customer skipped some order details).
Please clarify some paper details before starting to work on the order.

Type of paper and subject
Number of sources and formatting style
Type of service (writing, rewriting, etc)

Categories
Sociology

The result of your research will be an essay of at least 5 double-spaced pages t

The result of your research will be an essay of at least 5 double-spaced pages that describes and analyzes your findings. Essays should use in-text citations and contain the following ingredients: • An introduction that explains the importance of your topic and presents a thesis statement summarizing your argument• A desсrіption of the topic that provides evidence for what is actually happening• An analysis of the evidence that uses at least three course concepts to support your argument • A conclusion that summarizes your argument and shares ideas for addressing the issue• A works cited page in MLA format with at least five appropriate sourcesThe essay will be graded on the inclusion of an appropriate thesis statement, the accurate use of three concepts from course readings or lectures, the use of evidence to support an argument, the depth, detail, and insightfulness of your ideas, and the use of proper citations and a works cited pageGrades will reflect the following descr

Categories
Sociology

The result of your research will be an essay of at least 5 double-spaced pages t

The result of your research will be an essay of at least 5 double-spaced pages that describes and analyzes your findings. Essays should use in-text citations and contain the following ingredients: • An introduction that explains the importance of your topic and presents a thesis statement summarizing your argument• A desсrіption of the topic that provides evidence for what is actually happening• An analysis of the evidence that uses at least three course concepts to support your argument • A conclusion that summarizes your argument and shares ideas for addressing the issue• A works cited page in MLA format with at least five appropriate sourcesThe essay will be graded on the inclusion of an appropriate thesis statement, the accurate use of three concepts from course readings or lectures, the use of evidence to support an argument, the depth, detail, and insightfulness of your ideas, and the use of proper citations and a works cited pageGrades will reflect the following descr

Categories
Sociology

Please submit your Final Annotated Bibliography, which should include the follow

Please submit your Final Annotated Bibliography, which should include the following components:
PART 1: Title Page at the end of the document
Title Page should include the following:
*Student Name
*Topic of Annotated Bibliography
*Professor Name
*Date
2. Cover Page Placement: Please place the cover page at the end of your assignment because this assignment will be reviewed by outside faculty, and they have requested that all identifying markers be removed. Thus, place the cover page at the end of the assignment. Thank you.
PART 2: Select Five Sources
Five Sources from peer reviewed, Sociological, Scholarly Journals that are no older than 12 years. I will allow permission for two articles to be from another discipline, such as Psychology, Anthropology, History, Economics, Communications, Political Science, Technology, and/or Medical Journal. All five articles, should be from peer reviewed academic journals. If you need help identifying an academic journal, please go to the library and ask a reference librarian. They can help you with navigating the library databases. This is an important to skill to learn in conducting your own future research, knowing how to access library resources.
PART 3: References
Each peer reviewed journal must be referenced using APA references. Make sure to use the periodical journal references not the electronic references, which means include the title of the journal. Those who fail to include the journal title will lose five points. Click here Links to an external site. to be redirected Purdue Owl APA reference website, or you may click the URL below.
https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/apa_style/apa_formatting_and_style_guide/reference_list_articles_in_periodicals.html Links to an external site.
2. Example of an APA reference below:

Cardenas, S. (2021). The evolving treadmill of production in the digital society.
IEEE Transactions on Technology and Society, 2(3), 155-156.
DOI: 10.1109/TTS.2021.3075097 Links to an external site.

3. APA Reference Tips and Reminders
*Author Last Name, First Name Initial. (Don′t forget period)
*(Date) in Parenthesis (Don′t forget period)
*Title of Article (Don′t forget period)
*Title of Journal (Italicized), Volume (Issue), Pages (Don′t forget period)
*DOI link or http: URL
*Don′t forget to indent any lines after the first line.
*Students who bold or capitalize every letter on the reference citation will lose 10 points for every violation.
*Only capitalize first letter of the title or formal names like the name of country.
PART 4: Summary & Reflection
After each journal reference, write a brief summary.
First include the header: Summary
The summary should be a minimum of 1/2 page but not exceed one page for each reference. Make sure to label the summary.
After writing the summary, write a reflection.
First include the header: Reflection
The reflection should be a minimum of 1/2 page but not exceed one page for each reference. Make sure to label the reflection
More Instructions for Summary and Reflection
Make sure that there is a line-space between the summary and the reflection.
See Example below:
Cardenas, S. (2021). The Evolving Treadmill of Production in the Digital Society.
IEEE Transactions on Technology and Society, 2(3), 155-156.
DOI: 10.1109/TTS.2021.3075097 Links to an external site.
Summary:
This article discusses a theoretical theory, The Treadmill of Production that was introduced my Sociologist, Allan Schnaiberg. The original theory focused on how the growth economy acts like a treadmill, staying in place, but causing disastrously environmental consequences. Dr. Cardenas uses the same theory to expand on the same principals, but on technology, which includes the informal economy. (Should be at least a half a page, double-spaced.)
Reflection:
I found it interesting how the author used her own personal experiences to interject with the theory. This form of research is reflective of Karl Marx′s work, which he believed that neutrality in research was impossible because biases are not avoidable. By Dr. Cardenas expressing her own background, interests, goals and biases, the reader can focus on the theory and how it is impacting our economy and environment. I myself also can see how I am personally affected by The Treadmill of Production. (Should be at least a half a page, double-spaced.)
More Information:
This Final Project should be a minimum of 5 pages and maximum 10 pages in length
Typed, double-spaced with 12 point font and one inch margins. Please note that the APA reference citation should be single-spaced. Acceptable fonts: New Times Roman, Calibri, and Arial.
Capitalization and punctuation should be standard English. For example, you should not capitalize all your references, summaries or reflections. This is a formal academic presentation of your work. Students who bold or capitalize every letter on the reference citation, summary or reflection will lose 10 points for every violation. You are allowed to bold your headers: Summary, Reflection and Cover Page.
All submissions must be PDF or RTF Document.
This assignment is worth 200 points.
This is due by Monday, December 5th by 11:59 pm.
Rubric
Part 1: Title Page
*Worth 5 points
*Did students include a Title Page with their name, class and topic?
*Did students place it at the end of the assignment.
Part 2: APA References
*Worth 10 points X 5 = 50 points
*Author Last Name, First Name Initial. (Don′t forget period) (Worth 1 point)
*(Date) in Parenthesis (Don′t forget period) (Worth 1 point)
*Title of Article (Only capitalize first word and formal words) (Don′t forget period) (Worth 1 point)
*Title of Journal (Italicized), Volume (Issue), Pages (Don′t forget period) (Worth 5 points)
*DOI link or http: URL (Worth 1 point)
*Don′t forget to indent any lines after the first line. (Worth 1 point)
Part 3: Scholarly Journal
*Worth 9 points X 5 = 45 points
*Did Students find a scholarly academic journal
Part 4: Summary
*Worth 10 points X 5 = 50 points
*Did student use a header?
*Did student write a half to one page summary?
*Was summary double-spaced?
*Was summary relevant to journal article?
*Did the students write a summary that reflected an understanding of the materials, such as including aspects of the introduction, results and discussion?
*Was summary college level writing: Organized, Correct Grammar, and Strong Sentence Structure
Part 5: Reflection
*Worth 10 points X 5 = 50 points
*Did student use a header?
*Did student write a half to one page summary?
*Was summary double-spaced?
*Was summary relevant to journal article?
*Did students provide an insightful reflection that demonstrates critical thinking, and interpretation?
*Was summary college level writing: Organized, Correct Grammar, and Strong Sentence Structure
Example
You can find a student example of the Annotated Bibliography on Canvas below the assignment. The sample includes a Title Page and one citation with summary and reflection. Please remember that you are doing a total of five sources, and each source has a summary and reflection. You only need one cover page and it goes at the end of your assignment.
Reminders
1. Only capitalize the first word in the title and after a colon in a title
2. If it is a formal name like Seattle
3. It is an acronym like STEM

Categories
Sociology

Please submit your Final Annotated Bibliography, which should include the follow

Please submit your Final Annotated Bibliography, which should include the following components:
PART 1: Title Page at the end of the document
Title Page should include the following:
*Student Name
*Topic of Annotated Bibliography
*Professor Name
*Date
2. Cover Page Placement: Please place the cover page at the end of your assignment because this assignment will be reviewed by outside faculty, and they have requested that all identifying markers be removed. Thus, place the cover page at the end of the assignment. Thank you.
PART 2: Select Five Sources
Five Sources from peer reviewed, Sociological, Scholarly Journals that are no older than 12 years. I will allow permission for two articles to be from another discipline, such as Psychology, Anthropology, History, Economics, Communications, Political Science, Technology, and/or Medical Journal. All five articles, should be from peer reviewed academic journals. If you need help identifying an academic journal, please go to the library and ask a reference librarian. They can help you with navigating the library databases. This is an important to skill to learn in conducting your own future research, knowing how to access library resources.
PART 3: References
Each peer reviewed journal must be referenced using APA references. Make sure to use the periodical journal references not the electronic references, which means include the title of the journal. Those who fail to include the journal title will lose five points. Click here Links to an external site. to be redirected Purdue Owl APA reference website, or you may click the URL below.
https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/apa_style/apa_formatting_and_style_guide/reference_list_articles_in_periodicals.html Links to an external site.
2. Example of an APA reference below:
Cardenas, S. (2021). The evolving treadmill of production in the digital society.
IEEE Transactions on Technology and Society, 2(3), 155-156.
DOI: 10.1109/TTS.2021.3075097 Links to an external site.
3. APA Reference Tips and Reminders
*Author Last Name, First Name Initial. (Don′t forget period)
*(Date) in Parenthesis (Don′t forget period)
*Title of Article (Don′t forget period)
*Title of Journal (Italicized), Volume (Issue), Pages (Don′t forget period)
*DOI link or http: URL
*Don′t forget to indent any lines after the first line.
*Students who bold or capitalize every letter on the reference citation will lose 10 points for every violation.
*Only capitalize first letter of the title or formal names like the name of country.
PART 4: Summary & Reflection
After each journal reference, write a brief summary. First include the header: Summary
The summary should be a minimum of 1/2 page but not exceed one page for each reference. Make sure to label the summary.
After writing the summary, write a reflection. First include the header: Reflection
The reflection should be a minimum of 1/2 page but not exceed one page for each reference. Make sure to label the reflection
More Instructions for Summary and Reflection Make sure that there is a line-space between the summary and the reflection.
See Example below:
Cardenas, S. (2021). The Evolving Treadmill of Production in the Digital Society.
IEEE Transactions on Technology and Society, 2(3), 155-156.
DOI: 10.1109/TTS.2021.3075097 Links to an external site.
Summary:
This article discusses a theoretical theory, The Treadmill of Production that was introduced my Sociologist, Allan Schnaiberg. The original theory focused on how the growth economy acts like a treadmill, staying in place, but causing disastrously environmental consequences. Dr. Cardenas uses the same theory to expand on the same principals, but on technology, which includes the informal economy. (Should be at least a half a page, double-spaced.)
Reflection:
I found it interesting how the author used her own personal experiences to interject with the theory. This form of research is reflective of Karl Marx′s work, which he believed that neutrality in research was impossible because biases are not avoidable. By Dr. Cardenas expressing her own background, interests, goals and biases, the reader can focus on the theory and how it is impacting our economy and environment. I myself also can see how I am personally affected by The Treadmill of Production. (Should be at least a half a page, double-spaced.)
More Information:
This Final Project should be a minimum of 5 pages and maximum 10 pages in length
Typed, double-spaced with 12 point font and one inch margins. Please note that the APA reference citation should be single-spaced. Acceptable fonts: New Times Roman, Calibri, and Arial.
Capitalization and punctuation should be standard English. For example, you should not capitalize all your references, summaries or reflections. This is a formal academic presentation of your work. Students who bold or capitalize every letter on the reference citation, summary or reflection will lose 10 points for every violation. You are allowed to bold your headers: Summary, Reflection and Cover Page.
All submissions must be PDF or RTF Document.
This assignment is worth 200 points.
This is due by Monday, December 5th by 11:59 pm. Rubric
Part 1: Title Page
*Worth 5 points
*Did students include a Title Page with their name, class and topic?
*Did students place it at the end of the assignment.
Part 2: APA References
*Worth 10 points X 5 = 50 points
*Author Last Name, First Name Initial. (Don′t forget period) (Worth 1 point)
*(Date) in Parenthesis (Don′t forget period) (Worth 1 point)
*Title of Article (Only capitalize first word and formal words) (Don′t forget period) (Worth 1 point)
*Title of Journal (Italicized), Volume (Issue), Pages (Don′t forget period) (Worth 5 points)
*DOI link or http: URL (Worth 1 point)
*Don′t forget to indent any lines after the first line. (Worth 1 point)
Part 3: Scholarly Journal
*Worth 9 points X 5 = 45 points
*Did Students find a scholarly academic journal
Part 4: Summary
*Worth 10 points X 5 = 50 points
*Did student use a header?
*Did student write a half to one page summary?
*Was summary double-spaced?
*Was summary relevant to journal article?
*Did the students write a summary that reflected an understanding of the materials, such as including aspects of the introduction, results and discussion?
*Was summary college level writing: Organized, Correct Grammar, and Strong Sentence Structure
Part 5: Reflection
*Worth 10 points X 5 = 50 points
*Did student use a header?
*Did student write a half to one page summary?
*Was summary double-spaced?
*Was summary relevant to journal article?
*Did students provide an insightful reflection that demonstrates critical thinking, and interpretation? *Was summary college level writing: Organized, Correct Grammar, and Strong Sentence Structure
Example
You can find a student example of the Annotated Bibliography on Canvas below the assignment. The sample includes a Title Page and one citation with summary and reflection. Please remember that you are doing a total of five sources, and each source has a summary and reflection. You only need one cover page and it goes at the end of your assignment.
Reminders
1. Only capitalize the first word in the title and after a colon in a title
2. If it is a formal name like Seattle
3. It is an acronym like STEM

Categories
Sociology

Structural Requirements: You will be required to complete a FULL four (4) page,

Structural Requirements:
You will be required to complete a FULL four (4) page, single-spaced research paper. More specifically, the actual content of the paper itself (NOT including the mandatory title page and NOT including a works cited/bibliography) must be a minimum of four (4) COMPLETE single-spaced pages long for full consideration. This assignment sheet is single-spaced so your paper should match it. The font size should be no larger than TWELVE (12). The font New Times Roman and character size for the text in this assignment sheet is 12, so your papers font and size should match this. The text of your paper should start one-inch from the top of the paper and end one inch from the bottom and this required for each page. Spacing between paragraphs should be ONE (1) enter throughout the entire paper. The distance between this paragraph and the one following is what your paper should look like. Basically, if you just write your paper without trying to “fudge” the length requirement by adding additional spacing, ridiculously large fonts, If the font and type size does not match it is an automatic 5 point deduction. If all margins are not in keeping with the instructions it is an automatic 5 point deduction. If the paper is not single-spaced throughout you will automatically lose an additional 5 points.
You must include a title page, with your name, course name and section, and a title for your paper. The title of your paper must be the thesis statement you developed in your proposal. You also must have a completed bibliography of all sources referenced using MLA citation format.
Title Page: You must have a separate title page and it should include your name, class and section, and title of your paper (your working thesis will be your title). Whatever else you wish to put in the title page is up to you, but you must at least include the above specifications.
Works Cited/Bibliography: A complete works cited/bibliography needs to be included at the end of your paper.
Source Requirements:
You must use a minimum of Four (4) qualified sources in your paper and those sources should be cited using MLA criterion. You must also include a bibliography/works cited page at the end of your paper. The ONLY sources you can use for this paper are:
~Scholarly Journal Articles: There is a link that fully explains what a peer-reviewed scholarly article is and I suggest you use it. TWO of the mandatory four sources must be scholarly articles!!!! You will have the two you need from your research proposal
~Books: You may utilize books by experts in their respective fields. NO BOOK REVIEWS or website/blog articles discussing the book. Also, you may NOT use your textbook or any of the course readings as cited sources toward the mandatory requirement. ~Newspapers Articles: ONLY these three outlets: The New York Times, The Chicago Tribune or The Washington Post. They MUST be ARTICLES from print issues and CANNOT be from a website/blog outlet. In-Text Citation Requirements:
You must use a minimum of FOUR (4) in-text citations from the sources you have collected. All FOUR in-text citations CANNOT be from one source, so you must utilize at least two (2) different sources when reaching the mandatory in-text citations. Substantive Requirements: You must use a MINIMUM of FOUR (4) specific sociological connections in your paper. These connections must reflect an understanding of class concepts by using theoretical applications of any area that we have studied throughout the term. Example: If you are investigating some sort of cultural inequality you can discuss Conflict Theory or the work of Karl Marx to aid in your analysis. You MUST use your textbook for sociological citations and provide the page numbers from the textbook where the terminology was located. Please remember that the paper is due at the start of class, BEFORE attendance on 12/07/22. All papers must be submitted before class dismissal on 12/07/22 or they will not be accepted and earn a zero. Research Question: What is Racism, And Why Does it Happen?
Annotated Scholarly Source: Jefferson, Tony. “What is Racism? Othering, Prejudice and Hate-Motivated Violence
Jefferson′s article provides an insight on what racism is overtime with plenty of examples. There is a broad analysis of biographical information of individuals labeled as racist revealed that people do not view themselves as racists and that conviction for a racially motivated crime does not distinguish between racists and non-racists. The study concluded that thinking about racism should move beyond the term′s abolition to include consideration of hatred, prejudice, and ″othering.″
Doane, Ashley. “What is Racism? Racial Discourse and Racial Politics”
One major point of contention in contemporary racial politics is whether a particular act, policy, or event constitutes racism. I contend that at the heart of these debates are opposing views on racism. Using text from various media sources, I investigate the various definitions of racism and how claims and counterclaims are contextualized. I also investigate how the dynamic nature of racial discourse leads to the emergence of new definitions of racism as advocates seek political advantage. Finally, I relate the contested concept of racism to two larger racial ideologies: colorblindness and systemic racism.
Working Hypothesis for my Research paper
How different racial groups may perceive current racism in society due to differences in their knowledge and awareness of racial history.
Independent Variable: Inequality and Race
Dependent Variable: Diagnosing Discrimination